Robotically assisted coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery is a type of minimally invasive heart surgery performed by specific highly trained cardiac surgeons. The procedure is done without opening the chest in a traditional manner. Specialized equipment is used to access the chest cavity to correct problems with the heart arteries.
The traditional opening for open chest heart surgery is made through an 8 inch incision over the breastbone. The surgeon then spreads the sternum to gain access to the heart and chest cavity. Robotically assisted CABG surgery reduces the incision size even smaller than traditional minimally invasive surgeries. CVT Surgical Center utilizes the robotic technique in the following 2 ways:
Robotic assisted minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery
The robot is used to harvest the internal mammary artery from the chest wall. The surgeon then performs the bypass grafting using a small incision between the ribs on the left chest.
The above procedure is combined with coronary artery stenting in a separate procedure typically performed by the interventional cardiologist.
The benefits of robotically assisted CABG compared to traditional surgery are:
- High level of precision by up to 10 fold magnification with the robotic camera
- Smaller incisions allow for faster healing and minimal scarring
- Shorter hospital stay
- Shorter recovery and quicker return to daily and professional activities
- Decreased risk of infection
Not all patients are able to have robotically assisted surgery
The surgeon will review a patient’s record and test results to determine candidacy for the robotic procedure. There are multiple conditions which will exclude candidacy from this technique. Some examples are emergency status, re-operation, poor lung function and type of coronary artery disease.
Speaking to the surgeon is the best method to determine the optimal surgery based on the individual’s needs. CVT Surgical Center is committed to providing the best and safest option for the patient.